As discussed in our previous post, Chakras are closely connected with our endocrine system which is composed of glands that secrete chemical messengers termed “hormones” into the blood stream. These hormones in turn help regulate many major body functions and ensure our well-being.
The Root Chakra in particular is associated with the adrenal glands.
Where are the Adrenal Glands located?
The word “adrenal” comes from the Latin origin: ‘ad renes’, which translates to “near the kidney”.
Accordingly, each healthy individual has 2 adrenal glands (1 above each kidney), and they play important roles, especially during times of stress. Their location just above the kidneys explains their strong influence on kidney function.
Interestingly, these 2 glands are not symmetrical whereby the right one is triangular shaped, whereas the left one is crescent-shaped.
What are the Different Layers of the Adrenal Glands?
Each adrenal gland consists of three distinct layers: the capsule, adrenal cortex, and adrenal medulla.
1. The Capsule
The capsule is the upper most protective layer (of fat) that surrounds the adrenal glands. It plays no role in the endocrine function of the glands.
2. The Cortex
The cortex is the layer that is directly beneath the cortex and comprises almost 80% of the volume of the adrenal gland. The cortex itself is made up of 3 separate zones that have slight differences in function. They are (from outside to inside): zona glomerulosa, zona fasciculata, and zona reticularis.
3. The Medulla
The medulla is the innermost part of the adrenal gland. It is completely surrounded by the adrenal cortex and comprises around 20% of the volume of the adrenal gland.
What Are the Major Functions of the Adrenal Glands?
The major functions of the adrenal cortex and the adrenal medulla are summarized in the table below:
How to Take Care of Your Adrenal Glands?
Adrenal Fatigue is manifested by a decrease in the ability of the adrenal glands to carry out their normal functions.
It is commonly caused by chronic stress (emotional, physical, mental, environmental…).
Ranim Daw, MS in Cell & Molecular Biology
American University of Beirut
March 17, 2017